取引は簿記上，仕訳を経て勘定口座 (簿記計算の単位) に記録されるが，元帳はこの勘定口座を全部集成したもので，本来の簿記計算に直接関係のない仕訳帳や日記帳などに対応する会計帳簿の中心的存在である。元帳には企業のすべての財産，資本の増減が勘定科目に分解されて日々記入されるので，元帳を見れば企業の財産の状態，営業成績を概観することができ，また決算日など特定時点で締切れば貸借対照表や損益計算書などの財務諸表の作成が可能である。したがって元帳は簿記計算のうえで仕訳帳による原始記録から決算財務諸表という企業活動の結論を導き出すための不可欠のものといえる。しかし経営規模の拡大や取引の増大に伴う会計処理業務の複雑化から，会計帳簿の分化，再編が必要とされてきたため，元帳も個々の勘定口座に内訳を設けた多桁式のものや，本社関係の総勘定元帳と工場関係の工場元帳に分離されるなど次第に変化してきている。
The graph presents the evolution of bitcoin price index from September 2017 to September 2019. The bitcoin price index is an average of bitcoin prices across leading global exchanges. The bitcoin index value for the end of September 2019 amounted to 8.085.71 U.S. dollars. More information on bitcoin and other crypto-currencies can be found in our Statista Report 2017.
Essentially, if you are interested in trading in digital currencies but don't want to get bogged down in the underlying technology, products like Coinbase are a way to begin a foray into a new form of currency speculation and investing. You do, however, lose some of the advantages of trading in a cryptocurrency and through the blockchain. On Coinbase, you have no pseudo anonymity—your name is attached to your Coinbase account and so is your bank account, so transaction history is relatively easy to track down. And if you're not working on the blockchain, there's not much you can do to ensure that the verification of your transaction history or your account is taking place on the blockchain. You are, instead, placing trust in the intermediary, in this case, Coinbase.
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In February 2019, Coinbase announced that it had acquired "blockchain intelligence platform" Neutrino, an Italy-based startup, for an undisclosed price. The acquisition raised concern among some Coinbase users based on Neutrino founders' connection to the Hacking Team, which has been accused of providing internet surveillance technology to governments with poor human rights records. On March 4, 2019, Coinbase CEO Brian Armstrong said his company "did not properly evaluate" the deal from a due diligence perspective and thus any Neutrino staff who previously worked at Hacking Team "will transition out of Coinbase."
For those of you who have not been paying attention to one of the biggest trends in investing and tech, cryptocurrencies are digital currencies using encryption techniques that regulate the generation of currency and verify the transfer of funds, operating independently of a central bank. Units of currency are created through a process referred to as mining.
Since the Bitcoin creation in 2009, the price of this virtual currency remained quite stable until January 2013, reaching a maximum value of approximately 20 U.S. dollars. Afterwards a monthly price growth was observed until October 2013 when the price reached 198 U.S. dollars. This nearly tenfold increase in Bitcoin value proved to be insignificant in comparison to the price rally in November 2013, when the threshold of 1,100 U.S. dollars per coin was broken. After a period of downtrend which followed, Bitcoin price reached 1,349.19 U.S. dollars in April 2017.